Multi-Slice Privacy-Aware Traffic Forecasting at RAN Level: A Scalable Federated-Learning Approach

Multi-Slice Privacy-Aware Traffic Forecasting at RAN Level: A Scalable Federated-Learning Approach

H. P. Phyu, R. Stanica and D. Naboulsi, “Multi-Slice Privacy-Aware Traffic Forecasting at RAN Level: A Scalable Federated-Learning Approach,” in IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 5038-5052, Dec. 2023, doi: 10.1109/TNSM.2023.3267725.

Abstract or Summary

Next-generation mobile networks are expected to meet the requirements of a wide range of new vertical services. Hence, the network slicing concept has been introduced, in which Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs) are allowed to provide various types of services over the same physical infrastructure, owned by an Infrastructure Provider (InP). To cope with an ever-changing traffic demand, MVNOs seek to pre-allocate/reconfigure the resources at the base stations in an anticipatory manner, based on traffic demand predictions. Ideally, conducting per-slice traffic forecasting requires information that is likely to disclose MVNO confidential information (i.e., business strategy or private user data). To secure data ownership while conducting traffic forecasting, we propose the Federated Proximal Long Short-Term Memory (FPLSTM) framework, which allows MVNOs to train their local models with their private dataset at each base station; subsequently, an associated InP global model can be updated through the aggregation of the local models. The results obtained by training the models on a real-world dataset indicate that the forecasting performance of our proposed approach is as accurate as state-of-the-art centralized solutions, while improving data privacy. To enable scalability, we further propose the Information-based Clustering FPLSTM (IC-FPLSTM) and Random Clustering FPLSTM (RC-FPLSTM) frameworks, dealing with large-scale cellular networks. These solutions demonstrate computation and communication cost efficiency significantly above the state-of-the-art.

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