Facilitating URLLC vis-á-vis UAV-Enabled Relaying for MEC Systems in 6-G Networks

Facilitating URLLC vis-á-vis UAV-Enabled Relaying for MEC Systems in 6-G Networks

A. Ranjha, D. Naboulsi, M. E. Emary and F. Gagnon, “Facilitating URLLC vis-á-vis UAV-Enabled Relaying for MEC Systems in 6-G Networks,” in IEEE Transactions on Reliability, doi: 10.1109/TR.2024.3357356.

Abstract or Summary

The futuristic sixth-generation (6-G) networks will empower ultrareliable and low latency communications (URLLC), enabling a wide array of mission-critical applications such as mobile edge computing (MEC) systems, which are largely unsupported by fixed communication infrastructure. To remedy this issue, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has recently come to the limelight to facilitate MEC for internet of things (IoT) devices as they provide desirable line-of-sight (LoS) communications compared to fixed terrestrial networks, thanks to their added flexibility and 3-D positioning. In this article, we consider UAV-enabled relaying for MEC systems for uplink transmissions in 6-G networks, and we aim to optimize mission completion time subject to the constraints of resource allocation, including UAV transmit power, UAV CPU frequency, decoding error rate, blocklength, communication bandwidth, and task partitioning as well as 3-D UAV positioning. Moreover, to solve the nonconvex optimization problem, we propose three different algorithms, including successive convex approximations, altered genetic algorithm (AGA), and smart exhaustive search. Thereafter, based on time-complexity, execution time, and convergence analysis, we select AGA to solve the given optimization problem. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can successfully minimize the mission completion time, perform power allocation at the UAV side to mitigate information leakage and eavesdropping as well as map a 3-D UAV positioning, yielding better results compared to the fixed benchmark submethods. Lastly, subject to 3-D UAV positioning, AGA can also effectively reduce the decoding error rate for supporting URLLC services.

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